Se acaba de publicar un nuevo libro del Prof. Josef Seifert: "The Moral Action: What is it and How is it Motivated?":
Following an explanation of the nature of an action, the topic is limited to the motives of actions which are simultaneously morally good and obligatory. Motives cause actions only upon being freely accepted. The book proposes a novel vision of a sixfold motivation of moral actions:
1. The value of states of affairs the agent intends to realize - not just as a source of our pleasure or happiness, but because of their own value.
2. The moral obligation itself requires an obedience its object cannot explain.
3. The moral value of one's own action (the will to be and do the good).
4. A universal call to perform good actions (not to perform evil ones) not only here and now.
5. God has to be responded to, at least implicitly.
6. The agent's own happiness, while not being the prime motive.
It is pointed out that, while some of these motives must be explicitly present before the agent's mind and be adequately responded to for an obligatory action to be morally good, others, especially the fifth and the sixth one, need only be implicitly present in the sense of not being consciously rejected by the agent. The concluding remarks emphasize that, ultimately the moral action aims at a surrender to something eternal, and that in many cases improper motives are mixed with the ones investigated, but that this realistic recognition of the human situation is not an argument against the analyses presented.